The second sudanese civil war was a conflict from 1983 to 2005 between the central sudanese government and the sudan people's liberation army it was largely a continuation of the first sudanese civil war of 1955 to 1972 although it originated in southern sudan, the civil war spread to the nuba mountains and the blue nile it lasted for 22 years and is one of the longest civil wars on record.
The independence of south sudan was enabled by the terms of the comprehensive peace agreement (cpa) of january 9, 2005, which sought to end 22 years of civil war between the north and the south the agreement calls for national elections and a referendum for secession of the south in 2010.
South sudan - government and society: the creation of the semiautonomous region of southern sudan was provided for by the 2005 comprehensive peace agreement (cpa) that ended the long-running civil war between the north and the south. However, after south sudan became an independent nation in july 2011, southern and northern negotiators were not immediately able to reach an agreement on how to split the revenue from these southern oilfields.
North sudan wanted to convert south sudan, but south sudan retaliated so it wouldn’t be converted currently, the conflict boiled down with the sudan call declaration , but conflict is still unresolved politically, in northern and southern sudan and a solution is still in the works for. This measure was bound to be resisted by the christians and animists of southern sudan moreover, nimeiri was coming to accept the arguments of the muslim brotherhood and other northern political groups that the addis ababa agreement had been a mistake. The comprehensive peace agreement (cpa, arabic: اتفاقية السلام الشامل , ittifāqiyyah al-salām al-šāmil), also known as the naivasha agreement, was an accord signed on january 9, 2005, by the sudan people's liberation movement (splm) and the government of sudan.
Sudan is a member of the common market for eastern and southern africa, which has a trade and investment framework agreement with the united states bilateral representation there currently is no us ambassador to sudan other principal embassy officials are listed in the department's key officers list. The sudan people's liberation army (spla) was founded in 1983 as a rebel group, to reestablish an autonomous southern sudan by fighting against the central government while based in southern sudan, it identified itself as a movement for all oppressed sudanese citizens, and was led by john garang initially, the spla campaigned for a united sudan, criticizing the central government for policies that were leading to national disintegration. North vs south sudan a look into the christianity and islamic conflict in northern and southern sudan danielle davis danielle davis jun 7, 2016 2977 views 2977 views comments the main conflict in sudan was the civil wars between north and south sudan because of religious conflict between christianity/tribal religions and islam.