Poverty reduction this appendix briefly reviews the evi-dence in each of these areas appendix b summary findings of literature review on gender, poverty reduction, and economic growth in india, children of literate mothers. Poverty reduction this appendix briefly reviews the evi-dence in each of these areas human capital: building economic capability many studies find that gender-based inequalities in educa-tion reduce economic growth, because such inequalities de-crease the overall human capital available within the coun-try.
Amalgamated review: managing nbsp review of literature – shodhganga of literature helps the researcher not only in understanding the issues involved but also in planning all india poverty line by applying fisher 39s indices growth and poverty in india an analysis of – editorial express and defines poverty line in india. We provide a critical review of literature that examines the factors affecting poverty in rural areas we focus on studies that explore whether there is a rural effect, ie, whether there is something about rural places above and beyond demographic characteristics and local economic context that makes poverty more likely in those places.
Enhance the understanding and knowledge of the effects of icts on poverty reduction and human development in africa in the context of this research agenda, a literature review was commissioned in order to better understand what has already been learnt, outline key areas of contention and highlight those fields where more research is needed. Changes in income distribution and poverty in india: a review of the literature dharma kumar institute of development studies, university of sussex the belief is widely held that the distribution of income in india has become more unequal over the last fifteen years or so. In nigeria, where the incidence of poverty has remained high in spite of growth and the existence of number of poverty-related programmes, targeted efforts are required to induce broad-based growth and provide social service and infrastructures aimed at reducing the depth and severity of poverty across the country. Poverty and urban development indicators from which it proposes possible avenues for further research on indicators that should be relevant in the work of homeless international’s partners for strengthening community-led processes in the low-income areas of the city.
Review of literature the literature on the subjects of poverty and development is fairly large, while it is not so in the subject of poverty and environment which is a growing area of research a few seminal contributions on the subject of study have been reviewed to identify the major trends and to venture into a new area of research. Icts and poverty: a literature review by c nyaki adeya, phd i section 4 then presents some case study literature on icts and poverty this section is followed by an assessment of literature on icts and poverty reduction from the perspective of development in section 5 the focus of section 6 is icts and a.
Review of literature and research design the chapter reviews the various empirical literatures available on the subject of externalities and common property resources the literature on the subject is very large and it has been delimited to review some important literature to trace the core issues.
Boye (1999: 51) in bullion published by the central bank of nigeria in this discussion “poverty and measures for poverty alleviation” made references to the work of akeredolu are (1975) and shelfideen (1997) who provided some four theories of poverty among which was the power theory of poverty. Icts and poverty: a literature review section is followed by an assessment of literature on icts and poverty reduction from the perspective of development in section 5 the focus of section 6 is icts and a selection of thematic areas that include agriculture, culture, education, health and.
Review of literature 23 malik (2000) using data based on nsso from 1952 onwards showed that there was no long-term trend in poverty reduction from 1952-1973 but, thereafter up to 1986-87, a sharp decline in poverty has been observed the decline however at a lower rate has been reported to continue till 1989-90. Review of literature poverty in india is relevant india accounted for 104 percent of the world’s urban population in 2007 (united nations population division, 2008) the slum population has been reported from 26 states/ union territories of india as per census of india (2001) almost 426 million.