What is the function of a human being according to aristotle follow 3 answers 3 report abuse if this is the case, and we state the function of man to be a certain kind of life, and this to be an activity or actions of the soul implying a rational principle, and the function of a good man to be the good and noble performance. Aristotle says that being so, if we define the function of man as a kind of life, and this life is an activity of the soul or a course of action in accordance with reason, and if the function of a good man is such activity of a good and noble kind and if everything is well done when it is done in accordance with its proper excellence, it follows that the good of man is activity of soul in accordance with virtue. Aristotle follows socrates and plato in taking the virtues to be central to a well-lived life like plato, he regards the ethical virtues (justice, courage, temperance and so on) as complex rational, emotional and social skills.
In nicomachean ethics 17, aristotle claims that to discover the human good we must identify the function of a human being he argues that the human function is rational activity our good is therefore rational activity performed well, which aristotle takes to mean in accordance with virtue this argument has been criticized at almost every point. Virtue ethics began with socrates, and was subsequently developed further by plato, aristotle, and the stoics virtue ethics refers to a collection of normative ethical philosophies that place an emphasis on being rather than doing another way to say this is that in virtue ethics, morality stems from the identity and/or character of the individual, rather than being a reflection of the actions (or consequences thereof) of the individual.
According to aristotle, it is difficult to ,be virtuous if you aren't in the habit of being virtuous he notes that if you aren't virtuous, vice is a source of pleasure, but if you are virtuous, vice is a source of pain. What is aristotles definition of virtue according to aristotle what is the highest virtue ppinesssince happiness lies in fulfilling our naturethe greatest happiness lies in the life of.
Drawing on the account of form and matter in aristotle's metaphysics, it argues that “function” does not mean purpose but rather a way of functioning — how a thing does what it does the way human beings do things is by making rational choices. Yu, jiyuan, 2007, the ethics of confucius and aristotle: mirrors of virtue, new york: routledge zingano marco, 2007a, “akrasia and the method of ethics”, in bobonich and destree 2007: 167–192 –––, 2007b, “aristotle and the problems of method in ethics”, oxford studies in ancient philosophy , 32(summer): 297–330.
According to aristotle, things of any variety have a characteristic function that they are properly used to perform the good for human beings, then, must essentially involve the entire proper function of human life as a whole, and this must be an activity of the soul that expresses genuine virtue or excellence. Aristotle characterizes virtue as a state of character disposing one to choose the mean between extremes true aristotle claims that the best sort of life is an active life of politics.
Aristotle defines the supreme good as an activity of the rational soul in accordance with virtue virtue for the greeks is equivalent to excellence a man has virtue as a flautist, for instance, if he plays the flute well, since playing the flute is the distinctive activity of a flautist. Aristotle thereby provides the final revision of his definition: happiness is a bringing of the soul to the act according to the habit of the best and most perfect virtue, that is, the virtue of the speculative intellect, borne out by easy surroundings and enduring to the length of days (book one, section 7.